credit monitoring arrangement report how can i fix my credit quickly where to god to get your annual free credit report score reporte de credito mexico remove hard inquiry my credit report how do you get making your credit score higher business landlord credit report search good credit best credit repair companies san antonio a credit report is a summary of your what mortgage 3 credit reports companies false credit honest reporting canada free credit report scam website information someone credit reporting agency free credit report commercial members his band how long do mortgage inquiries stay on credit report easy fast online money loans government credit reporting agencies free republic obtaining a credit report on a tenant credit report georgia free myfree annual credit report com state indiana free credit report credit score companies free credit report one time how to increase credit score fast usa how to remove a judgement from my credit report free credit repair guide by mail payday loan with bad credit online consumer reports credit reporting agencies how long does it take to get a credit check done how long does it take how to improve credit ratings transunion credit reporting codes credit repair auto leads only credit means in urdu where to get free credit report from all three balance transfer credit cards poor credit rating home equity line of credit for bad credit 3 free government credit reports how to clear credit report sample letter of paid collection account fair credit score hsbc mortgage uk nevada ohio credit repair laws how can i find my credit score online for free credit repair companies jobs in las vegas nv credit repair immigration forum canada can a lawyer lawyer to help repair credit federal reserve;s g.19 report on consumer credit credit repair guide pdf i have one late payment on my credit report capital one credit cards how do i pull my business credit report jack olson ez credit repair kit free credit report all 3 bureaus score equifax abide by the federal trade commission;s fair credit reporting act fcra legal right free credit report free credit repair form letters free credit repair programs new york transunion credit report wikipedia credit repair oil and gas law firms in texas remove state tax lien credit report call good credit scores explained sage credit company riverside ca challenging bad credit reports free online instant free credit check australia unsecured credit cards for bad credit in ny right to free copy of credit report experian personal credit reports for businesses credit score rv information for beginners best way to raise credit score with credit card legit guaranteed money loans online consumer report credit repair companies checking your check my check credit score in canada need guaranteed credit repair fast order a free credit report from transunion 3 in 1 credit credit report and score online equity line of credit rates and terms best free credit report uk sky blue free credit repair forum best place get free credit report credit score contact credit reporting agencies by phone how to get full account numbers from credit report best credit cards with fair credit score secure instant payday loans online no faxing things to know before getting a credit card the best software for credit repair credit report freeze indiana how to get your credit score up slim fast uk site judgement on how long does a judgement stay on your credit report in texas ftc free credit report new disclosure free credit rating car check nz canadian all 3 credit report bureaus american express air miles platinum credit card canada how to remove irs lien from credit report my experian credit score is 850 how to check your credit report for free without a credit card free credit report all 3 bureaus without credit card how much does united credit consultants charge best credit score checker uk credit rates credit score for buying a house the best better business bureau top rated credit repair companies credit credit repair manual and guide number one the consumer credit repair agency what is a fair credit score in 2012 how to check your credit history in ireland credit scores st. mountains alaska canada range business credit reports canada free online money loans with monthly payments which credit report is best to get cash advance today orem utah newspaper online payday loan lenders canada lawyers sample free sample dispute letters for credit repair credit bureau of canada report credit ac repair austin reviews very bad credit auto financing how to raise my credit score for free credit letter to the editor example free credit rating report uk am best s&p credit rating methodology instant free online credit check without credit card business annual credit score equifax obtaining credit reports for tenants credit repair free lawyers in nyc balance transfer credit card poor credit rating how to remove unpaid medical collections from credit report credit collection services newton ma pay bill under the fair credit reporting act consumer credit reporting agencies must fixing how to fix bad credit for free easy cash advances online no credit check old navy credit card customer service bad credit rating collection removed after 7 years cash advance now owings mills legitimate credit mobile home repair companies in texas free credit score check uk free credit score no credit card needed clark howard credit report dispute letter template check credit history for free uk omega credit repair el lago apartments mckinney tx reviews how to get a free instant credit report online no signups credit card to repair bad credit what does it mean to have a charged off account on your credit report tenant credit report release form experian plus credit score chart credit report score estimate dispute credit report identity theft government free credit check online home national mortgage credit repair equifax business credit report canada credit cards credit repair credit card cancel experian credit reporting agency phone number check your credit report for free lexington law credit repair scams ftc credit protection depot las vegas federal government free credit report site do insurance companies use your credit report only free credit report consumer bad free credit repair forums disney chase credit card notice rights under fair credit reporting act does car lease show up credit report repair how to check my credit rating uk best website get your credit report unlimited 4 credit bureau reports transunion free credit report forms free credit score all three credit reports credit report site government free credit check report without credit card free 3 credit score reports best free credit report 2012 transunion is there a truly free credit report easy ways to increase your credit score sample letter to remove items from credit report best best diy credit repair warid advance loan procedure payday cash loans no credit check south africa get incorrect info removed credit report top top ten credit repair services credit report act ontario credit suisse group annual report 2006 compare free professional credit repair software credit score weather report usa credit repair do do it yourself pdf credit score income tax information canada free free credit report no scams trw equifax credit report contact number calgary credit repair specialists legal what are the best credit repair companies what are the 10 consumer reports best credit repair companies removing hard inquiries from your credit report order credit report online for free credit repair lawyers apartments in el paso tx employer background check credit report ftc how to repair your credit report direct online payday loans texas do companies check your credit history facts facts about credit repair sample letter to request free get copy of credit report debix credit monitoring reviews va home loan credit score needed free credit check free credit report without credit card needed experian phone number customer service ny 11209 zip federal consumer credit protection act limits how do i dispute a credit report error free credit report from transunion when denied credit credit reporting resource guide first credit services nj credit scores explained map of australia different credit ratings language used in canada how do you get an actual free credit report where to find credit score on experian where can i print a free copy of my credit report best cash cash advance credit card offers payday loans for bad transfer cpa credit in new hampshire to another state remove account in dispute from credit report how to get car personal loans with bad credit free credit report with fico how do you how do you how to get a credit rating business credit report canada vantage credit score scale 2014 how can i check my credit score for free how to clean up credit report fast good credit scores usa loans cash crusaders cape town experian contact phone number write off bad debt credit report amscot cash advance rates and fees fair credit reporting act fair accurate credit transactions act 2003 letter request free copy credit report credit repair laptop reviews uk where to report identity report theft to credit bureau how to get your free credit report each year credit card to steps to repair credit after bankruptcy your credit report free experian one credit report free how do you obtain your credit report for free three credit scores free sme credit bureau malaysia crr credit report letter samples how can i get my credit report without a credit card dodd frank oversight of credit rating agencies company credit check software for apartment management credit collection period ratio va home loans for people with poor credit professional who are the hands down best credit repair company instant credit score update how to get my credit rating for free how to order a credit report for free prepaid credit cards reporting to credit agencies rogers credit bureau of canada credit check how to check your credit score from chase bank what is the website best site for free credit reports best credit repair group reviews who will refinance my car loan with bad credit remove hard credit inquiries credit report credit repair business software for mac cash advance check cashing store open sunday credit bureau reports applicant is deceased military does credit repair help bureau consumer financial protection fair credit reporting act loans for poor credit history credit card for fair credit score how long do closed credit card accounts stay on credit report free credit score and report all 3 experian my free three credit report business 3 credit report agencies transunion free credit report request pull your own credit report free average credit score for car loans companies that how to fix your credit report free credit repair letters how to get charge offs off your credit report raffaella fico for men best best credit repair companies 2013 credit repair limousine security companies in new york instant online cash loans without checking account members advantage credit union rochester ny i need a 5000 loan with bad credit today how to challenge a credit report no credit check private student loans borrowers paid medical debt credit report bad credit help home loan reporting a debt to a credit bureau judgement on credit report paid credit karma login auth how to read a canadian credit bureau report my rights under the fair credit reporting act what are cash advances capital one credit card international free business credit reports online chase employee credit check services equifax credit report score range cit business volkswagen credit canada inc address cost of credit report experian transunion sample credit report letter how to repair credit score how to make yourself faster often does equifax update credit reports how to apply for a home getting a loan with bad credit credit report fee finance charge getting your how can i check my credit score for free credit report with score free annual free credit report all 3 agencies international fast cash advances payday loans get my free experian credit report credit repair information articles from how to get your credit score up pre employment consumer credit report credit repair moving financial companies in new york how can i check my credit score for free online how do you get a totally free credit report uk international credit rating agencies vw canada credit department my annual free credit report and score free credit report rental free fair credit report professional credit repair letters that work how to fix how to improve my credit rating fast credit score temporary employment agencies in indianapolis reporting credit card number theft how to fix your credit after a major setback credit check sochi hockey score canada vs usa check credit credit history nz how to get your credit report for free from credit bureau money loans apply for a credit card online with instant approval government credit report check the best way to rebuild credit after bankruptcy credit credit repair company uk do all credit cards reported to the credit bureau personal loan credit union bad credit car loan bad credit credit report free government gov remove freeze my credit report free credit scores online no credit cards easy to get bad credit credit cards credit reporting laws in florida ways to how to fix your credit report how much does it cost to get your credit report how long after paying off credit cards does credit score improve how to get rid of negative credit report items can you get free credit report online check my credit score how to rebuild your credit contact transunion credit reporting agency repair bad how to fix credit fast free where can i get a loan without credit check a credit may signify a points : 3 how long does it take to increase credit score by 50 points very bad credit loans loan capital one canada credit card applications getting a loan car leasing with bad credit uk when do collection agencies report to credit bureaus how to repair your how do i get my credit report for free obtaining a credit report online how to check your credit for free once a year no credit check apartments in georgia social security payday advance loans can you view your credit report freeware california the fair credit report act payday loans with bad credit fha loans and charge offs free credit report usa online casinos free quick credit report los angeles credit repair income credit cards uk compare 3 in 1 credit reports free government what ismandated free credit report score best cash advance stores in chicago free 3-1 credit report credit collection agencies toronto i was denied credit free credit report where to get a loan with no credit check how to get rid of bad credit rating australia using a credit capital one credit card to repair credit how to get a free credit report yahoo answers equifax tenant major credit check companies best way to check my credit report debt to credit ratio calculator payday loans online faxless bad credit payday loans check credit history free usa federal government free credit reporting how to get a free check credit score in canada canadian what is the fico credit score scale how to repair how long does a default stay on your credit file credit keeper free heritage west credit tooele does adding statement credit report help credit report for rental agreement free credit report south africa xds for fastest way to rebuild credit 2012 ez credit repair program tn free rapid credit repair glendale ca consumer reporting act definition fix problems my credit report all 4 credit bureau reports roll the credits lyrics y paula deanda experian contact number human payday loans online same day saturdays how to get my credit how to get your credit report free of charge credit repair scams lexington law firm credit check your credit score uk myfree credit report advance loan newtown post office newtown ct transunion free report usa credit score how to write a credit report dispute letter insurance company credit ratings free cash advance vanquis credit can a landlord how to request a credit report from equifax one off credit check experian direct call get my free credit report equifax free credit report mail legit free credit repair forms bank of bank of america credit check score free credit report all three companies guaranteed credit acceptance corporation how to rebuild my credit history how to obtain a how to get a credit report from equifax australian 3 credit reporting agencies best paycheck savings and loans companies in ghana 700 inversion credit repair reviews how to remove paid collection items from credit report national credit reporting san jose how do i get my credit report online easy no fax payday loans online best best debt repair companies transunion experian free credit report scam my credit report all 3 bureaus dispute information my credit report fico credit scores good bad being in credit with edf title loan cash advance cda why was my credit check declined credit with love from me to you top credit reporting bureaus big three how long to correct error on credit report checking pulled credit report without permission low toyota credit loans canada where can i check my credit report for free once a year how do i check my credit canada best bank accounts for bad credit rating tricks to raising your credit score fast tenant credit report check credit scores free online repair credit report free experian annual credit report wiki free credit score government program faxless payday advances online direct lenders credit report has wrong employer free credit report order phone request for equifax credit report form cash originate loans from home is the credit repair is northland group legit company blank credit report request form bankruptcy length of time on credit report easy credit professional computer repair tool kit how do i get a copy of my credit report if i was denied credit credit secured by free bills of sale forms credit auto repair help forums experian credit reporting agencies address credit card for no credit history capital one credit reporting services how often do i how can i check my credit score for free canada the credit check company credit to the nation wiki credit report auto repair professionals how to challenge my credit report vat input credit on repair and maintenance free government credit report yearly what is the fastest way to raise credit scores home shopping catalogues no credit checks can i get a loan with loans for bad credit in oklahoma where to report identity theft read credit report credco experian consumer info free credit report scam personal credit ski snow report switzerland us government official credit report what is earned income credit from irs how do you get rid of how to get a credit card with a bad credit rating free credit cell phone repair in jacksonville fl understanding your credit report and credit score fcac reporting to credit bureau canada address for ii major credit reporting agencies federal fair credit reporting act background checks sample credit report from transunion what is a good credit score number to have difference between credit score agencies in canada state credit ratings 2011 cibc personal line of credit rates what is credit card number maestro online loans payday loan application free annual 3 credit bureau reports free credit report from transunion by mail how does a cash advance why work at a casino www credit agricole pl logowanie free experian credit check credit report repair services/uk 3in1 credit score report credit restoration companies utah community first credit union florida credit report all three agencies my free how to get your free credit report each year the credit report company best san diego credit repair attorneys get fast cash online how to obtain a copy of your credit report for free cash advance loans no credit check no employment check credit check total daily pull off calendars fresh start national credit repair charlotte nc best credit repair in san antonio tx negative information on credit reports stays how long is
Home Articles Current Feature Origins of Chic Part 1
Origins of Chic Part 1
Written by Robert Tonner   
Friday, 15 February 2013 16:42
Classic 10-Inch Revlon Doll - The classic “Little Miss Revlon” has rooted Saran hair and wears a gown made of taffeta and tulle with a lace overlay on the bodice. A very popular doll, she had more than a hundred different outfits in her day!
Cissy Starts a Trend - Madame Alexander’s Cissy started the modern fashion-doll revolution in 1955. Cissy set the standard for fashion dolls at the time with her “grown-up” bust and feet sculpted to wear high heels.
Uneeda Fashion Doll - This all-original doll is marked VT 18 — the same markings as the Revlon doll. It’s believed that this doll was made from a mold taken from an original Revlon and that the manufacturing process caused her to shrink one inch. It’s possible the two companies made an arrangement at the end of the Revlon life span.
Eegee Little Debutante - Little Debutante was available in many sizes; this sweet little bride doll is 14 inches tall. Made to compete with the Revlon doll, Eegee’s doll was much less expensive and not as well made. However, she can be quite charming when found in mint condition.
21-inch Bell Doll - This Bell doll is quite an impressive model, standing almost 21 inches! At first glance, she looks very much like Madame Alexander’s Cissy, which was probably the intent. The doll has a hard plastic body with a vinyl head and rooted hair, while Cissy had a hard plastic head with a glued-on wig.
Horsman Cindy Doll - Another doll with a Cissy look, Horsman’s early Cindy dolls had a one-piece body with arms jointed at the elbow and shoulder. Cindy came in many sizes and was popular at the time, as she was both glamorous and less expensive than her competitors.
Revlon 20-inch Cherries à la Mode Doll - The Revlon doll was the most popular fashion doll of the late ’50s. She came in many different sizes and styles. The Revlon name was licensed from the makeup house. The goal of Ideal, which made the doll, was to make the most beautiful doll ever!
22-inch Revlon Glamour Doll - One of most beautiful dolls of the late ’50s was the 22- inch Revlon doll. This example wears an extremely rare gown of black lace and tulle.
14R Dolls - The very popular 14R head mold was used by a number of companies during the late ’50s. The 14R head mold looks somewhat like a thinned-out Revlon. These dolls, depending on the manufacturer, can be quite beautiful. The doll on the right was made by Rite-Lee and is named “Miss Lynne.” The doll on the left is by Royal.
Jolly Fashion Doll - The Jolly Fashion doll is an interesting example of a late-’50s fashion doll with a look all her own. The 20-inch doll resembles neither Cissy nor Revlon, but does have a look of the generic child doll of the time.
Classic 10-Inch Revlon Doll - The classic “Little Miss Revlon” has rooted Saran hair and wears a gown made of taffeta and tulle with a lace overlay on the bodice. A very popular doll, she had more than a hundred different outfits in her day!
01/10 
start stop bwd fwd

Iconic fashion-doll designer Robert Tonner presents a condensed history of the modern fashion doll. Part I looks at the emergence of American doll manufacturing and the introduction of the earliest modern fashion dolls from 1955 to 1959.

The American doll industry is relatively young. During the late 19th century, the majority of dolls were manufactured in Europe, with Germany and France as industry leaders. Most dolls had made of porcelain or papier-mâché heads with composition or wooden bodies. French dolls were known for their exquisitely sculpted faces — they were highly stylized and could be very expensive. German doll manufacturers became competitive with French companies when they later introduced more real-looking (rather than stylized) dolls into the market.

Around 1912, composition became the most popular material for dollmaking. Made of wood pulp, glues, and fillers, it was considered more durable for dollmaking than porcelain. During this time, American doll manufacturing was almost nonexistent. Sure, a few American companies produced dolls at the time, but even fewer did their own sculpting. Doll heads and bodies were often imported from Europe to be dressed and sold in America.

All this changed during World War I. As importing goods from Europe became more and more difficult, toy and novelty companies began producing their own designs. Early American dolls looked similar to their European counterparts, but soon, American-made dolls took on a look and direction of their own that dominated dollmaking for decades. New companies were born out of the wartime shortage of dolls — Effanbee and Ideal were probably the best known, and Effanbee is still in existence today.

During the second decade of the 20th century, highly stylized character dolls were popular. Dolls such as Raggedy Ann, The Campbell Kids, and Kewpies did well for their manufacturers. Effanbee produced some of the fi rst Mama dolls in 1918. The dolls were so named because of a simple voicebox that said “mama” when the doll was hugged or rocked.

In the ’20s, doll manufacturing in America became a thriving business. The Bye-Lo Baby was extremely popular. Made to look like a real newborn baby, the doll was revolutionary for its time. During the latter part of the decade, Effanbee introduced Patsy, a 14-inch composition doll generally considered to be the fi rst with an extensive wardrobe and accessories.

During this period, the only doll that could be considered a fashion doll representing an adult was the boudoir doll. Made by various companies, they were very long and very thin and were used and sold more as decorations for the bedroom or parlor rather than as toys.

The 1930s was a decade of celebrity dolls. The Shirley Temple doll by Ideal dominated toy shelves, and licensed dolls featuring characters from such movies as “Gone with the Wind,” “Snow White,” and “The Wizard of Oz” were the best sellers. Baby dolls remained very popular. Effanbee followed up on the success of Patsy with the Dy-Dee Baby, a doll that could wet her diaper.

The ’40s brought huge changes to the doll world, as technical advances — especially the use of plastics during World War II — changed the way dolls were made from then on. Near the end of the decade, nearly all dolls brought to market were made of plastic. In the early ’50s, economically, America was doing very well, and the parents of the baby boomers had more disposable income than ever before. The toy industry thrived.

A New Kind of Doll
Fashion dolls were almost nonexistent during the first half of the last century. The dolls produced before 1950, with a very few exceptions, were dolls representing babies or girls. Doll play seemed to be geared toward nurturing or playmate types of play patterns. After 1950, a new type of play pattern emerged as girls began to look to the future, and aspirational play became popular — hence the advent of fashion dolls.

Sensing a market for a doll body that represented an adult female, Madame Alexander developed her Cissy doll in 1955. Cissy was unique in the doll world because of two things: her adult-like sculpted bust line and her permanently arched feet, meant to accommodate high-heeled shoes. Cissy was like no other doll of the time — in addition to her sculpted changes, her clothing was very sophisticated and glamorous. Madame Alexander used the finest fabrics and spared no detail on these deluxe dolls. The doll was revolutionary, and competing dolls entered the market in 1956. Almost every company had its versions of the adult fashion doll, with Ideal’s Revlon doll becoming the most successful.

Ideal acquired the Revlon license to make what was marketed at the time as “the most beautiful doll ever made.” At the time, if a doll was successful, the company would produce the doll in multiple sizes. Revlon dolls came in 10-inch, 15-inch, 18-inch, 20-inch, 22-inch, and the rare 25-inch sizes, with the most popular being the 10-inch and 18-inch dolls — good examples of both are pretty easy to find today.

Revlon dolls were dressed in lovely nylon prints, rayon novelties, cotton prints, and cotton velveteen made into fairly simple styles, with, in almost every case, a full sweeping skirt. Revlon hair was a wonderful rooted Saran which has certainly stood the test of time. Revlon hair styles are easy to restore and can look as good as new even today.

Another doll worth mentioning is the Horsman Cindy doll. Less expensive than the Revlon, she has a slightly Cissy-type look. She lasted a few years and was often nicely dressed.

During the ’50s, most doll production was done in and around New York City. Many doll companies used the same vinyl or plastic production companies. These plastic manufacturers would commission their own sculpts to produce their own versions of popular styles. These styles were then sold to manufacturers who couldn’t always afford to produce their own molds. One of the most popular molds was the 14R mold. The 14R mold has a sort of “pinched” Revlon-type face. The head and body were used extensively on fashion dolls in the late ’50s by such companies as Royal. Although many times these dolls are cheaply made, they do have a charm all their own.

Between 1955 (Cissy era) and 1959 (Barbie era), literally hundreds of styles of this new type of doll were produced. Some were breathtaking; some were, well, disappointing. The companies that produced lower-priced dolls, such as Horsman, Eegee, Uneeda, Belle Doll, Arranbee, and Royal, to name a few, produced dolls that resembled the two most popular dolls, Cissy and Revlon. Indeed, these offerings may have been sculpted by the prolific Bernard Lipfert, who had also sculpted both Cissy and Revlon.

However, there were some very creative fashion dolls released at the time. Eegee used a unique sculpt for some of its Little Debutante dolls, which have a very distinct look. Arranbee, perhaps inspired by the Revlon doll marketing, acquired a license from Coty cosmetics and produced a lovely Coty doll in both 10-inch and 18-inch versions. Effanbee also entered the fashion-doll market with a somewhat disappointing doll sculpt used for its Champagne Lady dolls.

In a short period, the fashion doll had become the toy doll, and the toy companies were comfortably on board. From 1955 to 1959 it was pretty much business as usual — however, things were about to change. Mattel, a young toy company based in California, was ready to rock the fashion-doll world, and it would never be the same again.

Look for Part II of Robert Tonner’s history of the modern fashion doll in the May 2013 issue of Haute Doll!

Trackback(0)

TrackBack URI for this entry

Comments (0)

Subscribe to this comment's feed

Write comment

smaller | bigger

busy